Vascular Disease is a condition that affects the arteries and veins, thereby affecting blood flow through the body. This can result in organs or other body parts such as the heart or even arms and legs being damaged due to decreased or completely blocked blood flow.
CAD and PAD are caused by Atherosclerosis, which is the build-up of fatty substances called plaque in the arteries. Atherosclerosis can cause blocked blood flow and limited oxygen supply to vital organs. This increases the risk of life-threatening problems such as heart attack, stroke and amputation. Learn more about Atherosclerosis and Vascular Disease
For both CAD and PAD, symptoms often do not present themselves until a serious vascular event occurs,. Because of this, it is important to be mindful of the various risks that could lead to developing one of these conditions. Please visit the What is Vascular Disease page? to learn more about these CAD and PAD can be diagnosed with a variety of tests,.
Plaque is difficult to reverse once it has developed in the arteries. However, with the appropriate medications and lifestyle changes, you can prevent its progression and protect yourself from further damage or events.
Vascular Diseases can, in certain cases, be prevented if appropriate measures are taken to reduce your risk. These include a healthy diet, regular exercise, abstinence from smoking and stress reduction. However, in some cases, people are genetically inclined to develop a vascular disease based on their family history.
If you are over the age of 40 and feel you may be at increased risk of CAD and PAD, or already have these conditions, ask your doctor if you are doing all that you can to protect your vascular health.
If you are over the age of 40 and feel you may be at increased risk of CAD and PAD, or already have these conditions, it is important to ask your doctor if you are doing all that you can to protect your vascular health.
Generally, the risks of developing CAD and PAD are similar. It is important to understand that if you have been diagnosed with one vascular disease you are likely to be at higher risk of having another. Therefore, you should monitor your vascular health and speak to your doctor to ensure you are doing all you can to reduce your risk of further events.
Science and medicine in vascular health are moving at a fast pace in an area called vascular protection. Scientists are exploring how hazards can be further lowered for people at risk, and the results of these studies hold interest for patients and doctors alike.
A heart attack is defined by a sudden decrease in blood flow within the heart. In the context of vascular disease, this is caused by a blockage in the coronary arteries due to atherosclerotic plaque. When this plaque ruptures, a blood clot forms restricting blood flow within the artery. This deprives the heart of vital oxygen, subsequently triggering a heart attack.
You may have questions about the coronavirus (COVID-19) that relate to your condition. Always speak to your doctor if you have questions about your treatment or symptoms. Always get immediate medical help if you have:
• Heart attack symptoms: worsening chest pain, palpitations, shortness of breath and fainting.
• Stroke symptoms: facial dropping, arm weakness and speech difficulties.
The European Society of Cardiology has pooled together useful recommendations from international authorities and medical societies.Please click here to read.
Reference . European Society of Cardiology (ESC). COVID-19 and Heart Patients (Q&A). Available at: https://www.escardio.org/Education/COVID-19-and-Cardiology/what-heart-patients-should-know-about-the-coronavirus-covid-19 Last accessed 19 November 2020.
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